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FREE TRADE/EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE SCHEME

INTRODUCTION
Export Processing or Free Trade Zones are clearly delineated and fenced industrial estates within a nation’s customs and trade regime. They are normally set up for manufacturing concerns producing mainly for the export market. The Nigerian concept is no difference. Since 1989 when the foundations for the first Free Trade Zone (Calabar Free Trade Zone) was established, there have been the addition of five more with two been fully completed and operational.

In Nigeria, there are two types of free trade concept – the specialised and the general-purpose trade/export zone. For effective management of these zones, at the federal level, two bodies are in place – Nigerian Export Processing Zone Authority (NEPZA) for the general-purpose zones and Oil & Gas Free Zone Authority (OGFZA) for oil & gas zone.

INVESTMENT PROCEDURES WITHIN THE ZONES
The following are the entry procedures into the zones:
i.    Obtain and complete prescribed forms from either NEPZA or OGFZA, as applicable
ii.    Submit completed form with the following attachments:
•    Project description
•    Market survey
•    Funding proposal
•    Financial projection
•    Environmental impact statement and control
iii.    Upon approval of request, the following steps are thereafter taken:
•    company’s registration with CAC;
iv.    If outright purchase of factory building is desired
•    10% deposit of the selling price of the standard building is made within 3months of approval
•    payment of the balance 90%, 5months after
v.    Renting of factory building
•    down payment of one year rent required not exceeding 3months after signing the rental contract. Thereafter, rental charges shall be paid within the first quarter of every year.
vi.    Leasing the standard factory
•    Payment of 40%lease value on approval
•    Payment of 30% at the end of the 5th year
•    Payment f 30% balance at the end of the 10th year
vi.    With condition(s) in (iii) fulfilled, the investor may proceed to carry out the following:
•    Remittance of investment capital
•    Importation and installation of machinery
•    Commencement of production

TYPES OF INDUSTRIES PERMISSIBLE IN NIGERIA EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES
•    Electrical and electronic products
•    Textile products
•    Wood products
•    Leather products
•    Plastics products
•    Petroleum products
•    Rubber products
•    Cosmetics
•    Garments
•    Chemicals products
•    Metal products
•    Educational materials and equipment
•    Communication equipment and materials
•    Sports equipment and materials
•    Machinery
•    Handicraft
•    Optical instruments and appliances
•    Medical kits and instruments
•    Biscuits and confectioneries
•    Printed materials, office equipment and appliances
•    Paper materials
•    Food processing
•    Pharmaceutical products
•    Oil & gas activities

INCENTIVES
i.    Exemption from payment of all federal, state and local taxes, levies, rates, and customs duties;
ii.    Repatriation of foreign capital investment in EPZs at any  time with capital appreciation on the investment;
iii.    No import or export licence;
iv.    Rent free land during construction of factory space;
v.    Services such as warehousing, standard pre-built factories, transportation, sanitation, canteen, etc, are available within the zones;
vi.    Unrestricted remittance of profits and dividend earned by investor in the zone;
vii.    100 percent foreign ownership of enterprises in the EPZ allowable;
viii.    Sale of up to 25% of production permitted in the domestic market.

 

EXISTING ZONES AND STATUS

Name

Location

Status

Mode

Management

Calabar Free Trade Zone

Calabar, Cross River State

Completed (over 80% occupied)

General purpose 

NEPZA

Onne Oil & Gas Free Zone

Onne, Rivers State

Completed (Over 80% occupied)

Specialised

OGFZA

Kano Free Trade Zone

Kano, Kano State

Under construction

Non-oil export

NEPZA

Maigatari Free Trade Zone

Maigatari, Jigawa State

Under construction

Non-oil export

Jigawa State Govt.

Banki Free Trade Zone

Banki, Borno State

Under construction

Non-oil export

Borno State Govt.

Lekki Export Processing Zone

Lekki, Lagos State

Under construction

Non-oil export

Private initiative

 

 

ที่มา / Source: Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission (NIPC),
www.nipc.gov.ng


 

  

 

 

 

 

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